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Introduction Knots Lashing Ropeworks Related
Objects
 
 
pioneering Pioneering is the cross-linking of wooden poles with ropes. The knots used are called Lashings. As wood "works, responces to influences such as humidity and temeratuur" and ropes "stretch". Not a single pioneering object will be dimensionally stable.
Pioneering is done to use objects, particularly in the height you want with these objects not to break down. If something unexpectedly breaks down, this may never be, through improper use, the lashing. A few guidelines:
Starting with a clove hitch. When you start a lashing with a clove hitch, then you always work up.
The weight of the structure forces the lashing down. By putting a clove hitch at the bottom of the lashing you prevent the possibility of poles hanging on one rope.
Just like a pulley, a lashing get stronger as more turns are made. Traditionally, we repeat each individual "Loop" of the rope at least three times. (One for the construction, one for yourself and one for safety).
In repeating the maxim "rope inside lashing - rope outside lashing" is no nonsense. While making the toss, tension get divided over all present ropes.
To receive optimum friction between the rope and wood, each run of the rope is to be placed along the previous one, as tight as possible. Pulling tension in the lashing with the toss is only a few percent of the total strenght of the lashing. A lashing made in the right way gives strength not the force you put into it on the end.
 
Square Lashing
A Square Lashing is used to make a connection between two pioneering poles.
 
Points to pay attention to:
Vertically placed poles, thick edge under.
Clove hitch in to be applied on vertical pole, under horizontal pole.
Loops around the poles need to be followed inside-outside.
Each loop of the rope is to be repeated 3 times.
Square_Lashing_01
Square_Lashing_02 Square_Lashing_03
Square_Lashing_04 Square_Lashing_05
 
Diagonal Lashing
A Diagonal Lashing is used to connect, two poles wich do not cross in a right angle. The advantage over a Square Lashing is that the forces on the lashing are equally divided in the rope.
 
Points to pay attention to:
Vertically placed poles, thick edge under.
Clove hitch in to be applied on vertical pole, under horizontal pole.
Loops around the poles need to be followed inside-outside.
Each loop of the rope is to be repeated 3 times.
Diagonal_Lashing_01
Diagonal_Lashing_02 Diagonal_Lashing_03
Diagonal_Lashing_04 Diagonal_Lashing_05
 
Eight-shaped lashing
With an eight-shaped lashing you are able to create a, limited, rotationable connection between poles. The lashing is used in making objects such a tripod. When the poles are rotated additional forces on the ropes arise. Be careful not to break the rope.
Using more than three poles increases difficulty, placing the poles into a pyramid is hard. In such cases, you can consider Cloverleaf lashing.
 
Points to pay attention to:
Vertically placed poles, thick edge under.
Clove hitch in to be applied on vertical pole, under horizontal pole.
Loops around the poles need to be followed inside-outside.
Each loop of the rope is to be repeated 3 times.
Eight-shaped_lashing_01
Eight-shaped_lashing_02 Eight-shaped_lashing_03
Eight-shaped_lashing_04 Eight-shaped_lashing_05
 
Cloverleaf lashing
A Cloverleaf lashing is used to bind pioneering poles together in a top knot. Think four or more. (tepee) After putting the poles in a position it is advisable to secure the bottom ends of the poles so shifting is not possible. The lashing can be made while the poles remain in a separate mold (first drawing). The bars can also be replaced by pioneering poles, which is easier when you rotate 45 degrees.
 
Points to pay attention to:
Vertically placed poles, thick edge under.
Clove hitch in to be applied on vertical pole, under horizontal pole.
Loops around the poles need to be followed inside-outside.
Each loop of the rope is to be repeated 3 times.
Cloverleaf_lashing_01
Cloverleaf_lashing_02 Cloverleaf_lashing_03
Cloverleaf_lashing_04 Cloverleaf_lashing_05
 
Scaffold lashing
The Scaffold lashing aims to pioneer two poles in length. The pole wich gets created is to apply vertical.
When you work with tapered wood you need the thin ends to connect. The more observant of readers will notice that the upper pole results pointing up with the thick end. This is correct. When the compound is put upward. The base distance between two poles is greater than the top distance between the same two poles (so again you make a tapered form with the compound.)
Scaffold_lashing_01
When an object is created with this lashing it is wise to cross post it midway between the two ropes. You then shift the break point to the center of the connection. making the connection at least "double" as strong. With tapered wood use of a wedge is less needed (we do it anyway). Points to pay attention to:
Wedge needs to be drivven in from top to bottom.
Scaffold_lashing_02
Scaffold_lashing_03
 
Sailors lashing
This image I found on the Internet as a solution to create a stable three or four legs. Seen the knot includes the piles, in contrast to the 8-shaped lashing where the poles are located along each other, this might be true. There is a warning concerning the knot. It tightens as the poles are set. Do not use full strenght while making the knot. (source ropesandpoles)
Sailors_lashing
Dit plaatje vond ik op internet als een oplossing voor een stabiele drie of vierpoot. Aangezien de knoop de palen omvat, in tegenstelling tot de 8-vormige sjorring waar de palen langs elkaar liggen, Zou dit wel eens een kern van waarheid kunnen bevatten. Er wordt echter wel gewaarschuwd dat het uiteen zetten van de afzonderlijke "benen" de sjorring verder zal doen opspannen. Om deze reden dient met deze sjorring niet te strak aan te trekken. (bron ropesandpoles)
Zijlmakers_sjorring
 
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